Frank Vannieuwkerke / SoftPdmOut

PDM library (Pulse Density Modulation)

Dependents:   mbed-shiny

Software PDM

Software PDM (Pulse Density Modulation) is a viable alternative to software PWM where mcu resources are limited because we only need one timer to control the output (whereas PWM requires two timers).

The code presented here is based on an article and source code released by Ken Wada from Aurium Technologies.
Additional info on Pulse Density Modulation is available here.

Keep in mind that the dynamic range is limited when we bit-bang PDM as following limitations apply:

Both the pulse width and DMAX values determine the highest frequency we can reproduce :

                         1
max. frequency = -----------------
                 PulseWidth x DMAX

Example
-------
pulse width = 10us
DMAX        = 256 counts

                       1
max. frequency = ------------- = 390.625Hz
                 0.00001 x 256

Applications

Examples

Basic use

// mbed-shiny
#include "mbed.h"
#include "SoftPdmOut.h"

SoftPdmOut pdm(LED1);

int main()
{
    float pdmSet = 0.0f;
    float pdmAdd = 0.01f;

    // Continuously cycle the output
    while(1)
    {
        pdm = pdmSet;
        wait_ms(10);
        if(pdmSet >= 1.0f)
            pdmAdd = -0.01f;
        if(pdmSet <= 0.0f)
            pdmAdd = 0.01f;
        pdmSet += pdmAdd;
    }
}



Demonstrate library functions

#include "mbed.h"
#include "SoftPdmOut.h"

Serial pc(USBTX, USBRX);

// optional parameters, when omitted, their default library value will be used.
#define PULSEWIDTH 100
#define DMAX       64
#define STARTLEVEL 0.5f

// PinName and optional pulse width, dmax, start level
// When  SoftPdmOut pdm(LED1);  is used, all optional parameters revert to their default values (defined in the library).
SoftPdmOut pdm(LED1, PULSEWIDTH, DMAX, STARTLEVEL);

int main()
{
    pc.baud (38400);
    
    float pdmVal;
    
    printf("PDM test\r\n");
    pdmVal = 0.1f;

    // Stop the PDM with pin idle value = 0
    printf("Stop the PDM with pin idle value = 0\r\n");
    pdm.stop(0);
    wait(1);
    pdm.start();

    // Stop the PDM with pin idle value = 1
    printf("Stop the PDM with pin idle value = 1\r\n");
    pdm.stop(1);
    wait(1);
    pdm.start();

    // Set PDM level, read it back and print it, can be done in two ways :
    // using pdm.write(nn) and pdm.read(nn)  OR  pdm = nn and <variable> = pdm.
    printf("Set the current PDM level to %f\r\n", pdmVal);
    // Write the current PDM level using pdm.write()
    pdm.write(pdmVal);
    // Write the current PDM level using the shorthand notation instead of pdm.write()
    pdm = pdmVal;
    printf("Get the current PDM level : %f\r\n", pdm.read());
    // Read the current PDM level using the shorthand notation instead of pdm.read()
    float dummy = pdm;
    printf("Get the current PDM level : %f\r\n", dummy);
    wait(1);
    // Change the pulse width and DMAX values.
    pdm.PulseWidth(100);
    pdm.Dmax(128);

    float pdmSet = 0.0f;
    float pdmAdd = 0.01f;

    // Cycle the output
    while(1)
    {
        pdm = pdmSet;
        wait_ms(10);
        if(pdmSet >= 1.0f)
            pdmAdd = -0.01f;
        if(pdmSet <= 0.0f)
            pdmAdd = 0.01f;
        pdmSet += pdmAdd;
    }
}
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Files at revision 6:85236b955cf6

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SoftPdmOut.cpp 3586 Revisions Annotate
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